Focus Note

  • Focus Note on Nepal, reviewing the status of the financial ecosystem and the shift from a restrictive to an enabling environment, primarily focusing on current supporting policies, laws, regulations and governmental initiatives.
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  • This focus note traces the evolution of the AML approaches and ability for companies to comply with AML rules, using a comparative approach between developed and developing world economies. It also addresses emerging AML-related issues surrounding the evolution of crypto-currencies as mainstream financial and monetary instruments and products.
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  • A successful innovation in addressing the provision of basic financial services and at relatively low cost serving financial inclusion goals is known Digital Financial Services (DFS). It mimics the basic transactional – and mostly non-credit - capabilities of bank accounts, but is provided by banks as well as non-banks such as mobile network operators (MNOs) and third parties known as Digital Financial Services Providers (DFSPs). Access to DFS is (primarily) via low-cost mobile phones, and is sometimes also termed ‘mobile money’ and ‘mobile financial services’ (MFS).
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  • This focus note describes the state of DFS use in humanitarian crises responses, available DFS solutions, and strategies to achieve both humanitarian and financial inclusion goals and common barriers to address for successful deployment. 
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